Family breakups are, without doubt, one of the most stressful and upsetting processes anyone can go through. This is particularly true if there are children involved, and/or the separation is not amicable. Divorce can be a long, drawn-out process that can also hit your finances hard, especially if every communication is done through a solicitor.
‘Quickie’ divorces are not as easy to arrange as you may think and if you’re heading for the family law courts, you have to go through a period of mediation beforehand. MIAM was introduced in April 2014, and now most couples looking to separate need to go through the process before applying for a court order. You’ll need to familiarise yourself with the MIAM and FM1 acronyms, which may play a part in your proceedings.
What is MIAM?
MIAM stands for Mediation Information and Assessment Meetings. This process was brought in by the Ministry of Justice to try and persuade more couples to go down the mediation route, rather than skipping it completely and heading straight to court. It’s designed to get parties talking to each other around a table, with legal representation and an experienced mediator to help them sort out their differences.
What is FM1?
FM1 stands for Family Mediation. FM1 is a form that will be completed by an authorised mediator if mediation is not deemed appropriate. It can also be completed by either you or your solicitor if you are exempt from mediation for a number of reasons. Traditionally this was a separate form in its own right but it has since been incorporated into the court application forms. Whether you or your solicitor are able to complete the form will depend on the exemption being claimed and as such it is a good idea to seek advice in this respect.
Mediation is a far more preferable and positive way to resolve a situation, and can reduce the amount of antagonism and vitriol that acrimonious divorces often generate. It’s particularly important to keep proceedings calm if there are children involved, and mediation is a far less intimidating and worrying situation for younger family members to cope with than the impersonal and often frightening court system.
Why should I go to mediation?
Firstly, it’s now a matter of course and the courts will point divorcing couples in the direction of mediation before they escalate matters to the family court. Secondly, it’s a cheaper process, and in general costs half of court a cost, which in itself is enough of a reason for most people to choose mediation over court proceedings. Going through family mediation means that you can reduce your legal costs and come to an agreement without all the pressure and worry of going to court.
Mediation won’t work for everyone, and there may also be other situations where mediation is not an option, such as when there’s been violence within a relationship (both physical and mental), or coercion. In this case, an FM1 form will be submitted to the courts to show that in this instance, mediation is not a viable option and that the case is exempt from the requirements of the MIAM stipulations.
FM1 forms should be completed by an accredited mediator – your legal advisor cannot do it for you. The form must then be submitted to the court, who will either agree that the case is exempt from MIAM requirements, or needs to be reassessed.
Why has the system changed?
The principle of mediation is a good one, and the courts have recognised that in such a difficult and emotional period, the best thing for everyone involved is to keep proceedings as stress-free as possible. This is why the MIAM system has been introduced, and, in the vast majority of cases, it is helping to smooth the process. There are exceptions and these are covered by the exemption rules in the FM1 documents, but generally speaking, mediation is the best option.
The old system put excessive pressure on couples and especially children involved in divorce cases. Through the process of mediation, everyone’s voice can be heard, including the children.
What if I don’t attend?
Refusing to attend MIAM mediation sessions could prolong the divorce process, making it more difficult, more expensive, and more stressful for everyone involved. You may also find that the courts refuse to grant permission to divorce if you have not gone through the MIAM mediation process (unless there is a good reason that’s covered in the FM1 exemptions).
Website content note: This is not legal advice; it is intended to provide information of legal interest about current legal issues.